Meditation in Hinduism

Hinduism places stresses on meditation to elevate the mind from daily stress and strain and for finer thought. Meditation can be stated as a state of relaxed introspection on the present. The goal is to dissolve the mind and be free of thought itself. Hindus practise meditation for various goals ranging from spiritual enlightenment to transforming attitudes.

Hindu meditation is classified based on the type. Some forms focus on the perception and experience that occur during meditation. These are known as mindfulness meditation. Others involve focusing on an object. These are known as concentrative meditation.

Hindu meditation can be described as delving into the mind’s depths. This process can be fulfilling and energizing. By entering into the serene, tranquil part of one’s inner mind, the inherent strength of the mind can be tapped. This strength can sustain the meditator through daily travails and tasks, without disturbing the calm center. Meditation wards off doubt, fear and other negative feelings and emotions.

The different types of Hindu meditation include Japa Yoga, Surat Shabd Yoga, Raja Yoga and Vedanta.


Vedanta means “the culmination of knowledge” in Sanskrit. This school obtains its source material from ancient scriptures known as the Upanishads. These scriptures reveal the types of meditation used in Vedanta.

Raja Yoga

This is also known as Ashtanga yoga. It deals with cultivation of the mind. The goal is to achieve liberation.

Surat Shabd Yoga

This type of meditation seeks union with the divine. The divine spirit is seen as creative energy embodied in sound.

Japa Yoga

In this method, a mantra or divine name is chanted or repeated. It is usually chanted softly, or within the meditator’s mind. This type of meditation is performed while sitting in a classic cross-legged yoga posture. This discipline is popular in many religions.

Meditation is popular in many cultures. In Hinduism, meditation has been practised for over five thousand years.

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