The hoary vedas are some of the most sacred books of Hinduism. They divulge spiritual knowledge that could help one in all aspects of life. Vedic philosophy has survived through the ages and still serves as a beacon of wisdom for all mankind. “Veda” means vision, knowledge or wisdom. Hindu rituals have their foundation in these ancient texts.
It is difficult to pinpoint the exact date of origin of the vedas. In the ancient times, Hindus did not keep records of literary and religious works. So, historians have been left guessing as to when the vedas were actually recorded.
Author of the vedas
No human is believed to have written the vedas. They were transmitted orally through the ages before being compiled by Vyasa Krishna Dwaipayana circa 1500 BC.
Types of Vedas
The Rig Veda
This veda is also known as the book of mantra. It is a collection of hymns and songs. This ancient text details the economic, political, religious and social background of the ancient Hindu civilization. The characteristics of both monotheism and polytheism can be found in the songs of the Rig Veda.
The Sama Veda
This veda is also known as the book of song. It is a collection of melodies. Actually, Sama Veda is said to realize the knowledge contained in the Rig Veda. This is accomplished through song and music.
The Yajur Veda
This veda is also known as the book of ritual. It was a guidebook for priests and contained prayers that were recited by the priests during rituals and ceremonies.
The Atharva Veda
This veda is also called the book of spell. It contains spells and charms used in the days of yore. This book depicts a clear picture of vedic society.