Hinduism and Buddhism

Similarities between Hinduism and Buddhism

The following similarities can be noticed in the two religions:

  • Both religions have belief in reincarnation.
  • Both agree that there are numerous paths to attain enlightenment.
  • Both believe that excessive attachment to people and things is the root cause of suffering.
  • Both religions agree that spiritual reality lies beyond worldly illusions.
  • Both practice many forms of yoga as well as meditation.
  • Both religions believe that all living beings will ultimately achieve enlightenment, though this might take many incarnations.

Hinduism and Buddhism share identical fundamental principles. Both agree on the virtues of truth, non-violence, restraining passions and austere penance. Both religions lay emphasis on controlling the wayward senses and the monkey mind. They give prominence to purifying the mind.

Ten Common Traits

These are:

  1. Contentment
  2. Equanimity
  3. Truth
  4. Emphasis on learning
  5. Discerning intellect
  6. Subjugation of the senses
  7. Purity
  8. Endurance
  9. Forgiveness
  10. Steadiness of mind

More Common Traits

Buddhism also believes there is heaven and hell. It also insists on cow protection. There is little difference between a Hindu renunciant and a Buddhist one. Buddha taught that God and soul are the same. God-realization can be reached by purifying the mind, knowledge and learning. Both religions believe that the visible world is a mere illusion.

Both religions believe in sacrificing self interests for social well-being. One should not be attached to materials and luxuries. One should donate selflessly to uplift beggars and handicapped persons. Buddha was against animal sacrifice. This trait echoes the upanishads, which proclaims that such sacrifice cannot lead one to salvation.


In Buddhism there is:

  • No worship of Gods such as Vishnu, Ganesha, Shiva etc.
  • No worship of planets and stars.
  • No dowry.
  • No surname that suggests one’s caste.
  • Besides, alms are offered only to Bhikshus (renunciants).
  • Buddhist women do not fast for the sake of protecting their husbands.
  • Buddhist women do not apply ’tilak’ (dot) on their foreheads.

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