Kathopanishad: A Glimpse Into the Truth
Kathopanishad is a scripture that unravels the meaning of life and the secret of death. It is lucid and gives accessible knowledge about the soul. Kathopanishad poetically and beautifully explains the mysteries of life and death, karmic law and how to be liberated from distress and grief.
The upanishad consists of 119 mantras about a dialogue between Nachiketa, a spiritual young man and Lord Yama, the king of death. Yama is not a man to be dreaded. He is a self-realized master. In the Kathopanishad, Yama represents the highest intelligence in humans, while Nachiketa symbolizes the lower mind, though he has courage and strength.
Desire for Knowledge and Truth
Nachiketa is dedicated, but young and unrealized. He has a lot of doubts, but also has indomitable faith. Most importantly, he has a great desire for the ultimate happiness and highest knowledge. Yama tests Nachiketa to check how strong a desire he has for truth. Is this desire stronger than the attraction to worldly things? It is, as Nachiketa renounces all to obtain self-realization and to know his real self.
Worldy Pleasures are Fleeting
Nachiketa’s firm faith reveals that all material pleasures are fleeting. They pass away soon and leave pain behind. Worldly desires rob one of real peace. Even if a person renounces worldly life and retires to the forest, they will not experience real peace as long as they harbor worldly desires. Even death is not an escape from worldly desires. If people harbors desires at the time of death, they are reborn again so that their unfulfilled desires from the previous birth can be fulfilled.
Overcome Desires and the Senses
We need not renounce worldly life and retire to the forest or the mountains to get peace of mind. Even in practical daily life, we can dissolve our desires by gaining control over the thoughts and senses that create these desires in the first place. Once we master our base thoughts and senses, we begin to feel real joy. When we overcome our attachment to material objects, including our bodies, we begin to feel a deep peace that cannot be matched by even the greatest material comforts.
Nachiketa understands this truth. His conscience directs him to self-realization, shunning the path of pursuing material comforts. Thus, Kathopanishad lucidly explains the path of yoga, which aims to unite the individual soul with the supreme self.