Biography of Mirra Alfassa (The Mother)
The Mother was born Mirra Alfassa in 1878 in Paris, France. Her parents were Egyptian and Jewish Turkish. From childhood, young Mirra was keenly interested in spirituality. Between the ages of 11 to 13, Mirra underwent many spiritual and psychic experiences which made her realize the existence of God. She also realized that humans can unite with God.
Visit to India
In the year 1905, Mirra went to Algeria to study occult sciences. She returned to Paris and started giving lectures and talks on spirituality. In 1911, Mirra married Paul Richards and both travelled to India in 1914. Mirra met Sri Aurobindo and realized that she had seen him in her dreams and visions.
Founding the Ashram
Mirra and her husband had to leave India because of World War I. They went to Japan and lived in Buddhist monasteries. Only in 1920, Mirra could go back to Pondicherry and meet Sri Aurobindo again. In 1926, both founded the Aurobindo ashram to cater to their growing followers. Mirra came to be called the Mother. She took over the organization of the ashram.
Aurobindo said that the Mother was divine shakti who had chosen to be born in bodily form. He further said that the Mother could identify with divine aspects. The Mother helped the spiritual aspirants at the ashram to further their progress. She also used to give out flowers which symbolized spiritual qualities.
In 1950, Aurobindo shed his mortal coil. But, the Mother continued to work to bring divinity to all. In 1968, the Mother inaugurated the international township of Auroville near Pondicherry which aims at human unity in diversity. The Mother passed away at age 95, in 1973. Her body was placed next to Aurobindo’s in the Pondicherry ashram.