Vidyarambha Samsakara: Learning the First Alphabet


is the first day of the child to start learning alphabet. This samsakara is done when the child is 3 to 4 years. This is an important event of the child’s life. It is a samsakara from the day which the child reads and write throughout his life. So Hindus celebrate the event with great enthusiasm. In this article we shall know more about

Vidyarambha Samsakara.

Significance of Vidyarambha Samsakara


means education or learning,


means beginning. Thus it means beginning of education or learning. Vidya is the name of Saraswati, the goddess of learning. This is the first day when the child starts his/her first word in writing. It is actually righteous initiation of knowledge of the child.

This samsakara is performed to develop the mind and intelligence of the child in a proper way. When the child is grown up, say 4 or 5 years, it is time for him to learn about life. At this instance the child is just like sponge. He can absorb everything that is taught to him.

The main learning is, however, the learning of alphabets. On this day the child is formally introduced to letters. When this commencement rite is done the child is considered as a candidate for reading and writing.

The Ritual of Vidyarambha

According to the birth sign of the child certain day is chosen as auspicious for Vidyarambha. On the day of Vidyarambha either a priest is called in home or the family visits temple of Mother Saraswati, the goddess of learning. The child is given holy bath and all elders bless him. A tray of rice is made and with gold ring the child is made to write sacred mantra.

The child begins with writing:

“Om Sri Hari”


“Om Sri Ganapateye namaha.”

Then the priest writes on the tongue of the child with the gold ring. Writing on the grains means acquisition of divine knowledge and writing on the tongue invokes the grace of Goddess Saraswati on the child.

Vidyarambha is very significant day in the life of child. This gives good impression on the child’s consciousness to take the learning as serious in his life. Vidyarambha samsakara is thus taken up by every Hindu.

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *