Hinduism

Three Vishnus and the Birth of Lord Brahma

Lord Brahma

is the creator of the universe and the first born among all living entities. In

Srimad Bhagavatam

Second canto, there is description of birth of Lord Brahma. This article is an attempt to give a brief description of three Visnus and birth of Lord Brahma from the second Vishnu.

Mahatattva and Three Vishnus

The Supreme Personality of Godhead extends His potency as the Mahatattva. Mahatattva includes all material ingredients that are needed for the creation. It is difficult to understand as Mahatattava in one sense is same as the Supreme Lord. There is simultaneous oneness and difference between the Lord and His extensions. Mahatattva is extension of Lord for creation but the eternal form of the Lord existed even before the creation of the Mahat-tattva.

The first form of the Lord is purusha. He is

Karanodakasayi Vishnu.

It is from His skin holes the innumerable universes have come into existence. They actually remained in His pores and according to time they just sprung up.

The second form of Vishnu is

Garbhodakasayi Vishnu.

This Vishnu lies in the cosmic ocean. From the navel of Garbhodakasayi Vishnu a stem of transcendental lotus flower comes out. On this lotus flower Brahma takes his birth.

Then from Garbhodakasayi Vishnu

Kshirodakasayi Vishnu

expands. He is collective Paramatma of the living entities who comes to the existence after creation. He enters in every atom of the universe. Kshirodakasayi Vishnu is also called as Hari and it is from Him all other incarnations within the universe are expanded.

In short three purusha avatars that manifest in three features are Karanodakasayi Vishnu, Garbhodakasayi Vishnu, who enters each unvierse; and Kshirodakasayi Vishnu, who is Paramatma of both organic and inorganic matter. Mahatattva is aggregation of material ingredients of Karanodakasayi Vishnu to create.

The Birth of Lord Brahma

As explained above, there emerges a transcendental lotus flower from the navel of Garbhodakasayi Vishnu. Then Lord Brahma emerges from the lotus. He is the engineer who creates the universe according to the plan of Supreme Lord. Brahma came out from

rajo guna

, so he is celebrated as presiding deity of

rajo guna

.

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