Srimati Radharani: Who is Radharani?
is described in Vaishanava traditions of Hinduism as the eternally consort of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. In the Srimad Bhagavatam and Gita Govinda she is depicted one who is always with Lord Krishna. She is also known as Radhika or Radhikarani.
The Appearance of Radharani:
Some Vaishnava traditions believe that Radharani appeared in the place called Rawal whereas some believe that it was in Barasana. No one knows about the real parents of Radharani. She was found by Vrsabhanu, the king of cowherds, in the place 8 kms from Vrindavan. Her mother’s name was Kalavati. She was brought up loving by these devoted couple.
The Position of Radharani
Vaishnavas revere the form of Srimati Radharani with Lord Krishna as the Supreme Absolute Truth. The duet of Radha and Krishna is the object of worship. Srimati Radharani is the Supreme Goddess described as the feminine aspect of the Supreme Lord Krishna. She is the Chief of all associates of Lord Krishna and the best of all the devotees of the Supreme Lord.
Radharani is seen as the central figure of all the goddesses. She is the original Goddess or Shakti and other goddess are immediate expansions or secondary expansions. She is the source of mothers like Mother Durga, Lakshmi and Saraswati. There is so much literature connected to Radharani. Vaishanavas especially offer their worship to Srimati Radharani.
In Srimad Bhagavatam 2.3.23, Radharani is described as:
“In Vrndavana all the pure devotees pray for the mercy of Srimati Radharani, the pleasure potency of Lord Krsna. Srimati Radharani is a tenderhearted feminine counterpart of the supreme whole, resembling the perfectional stage of the worldly feminine nature. Therefore, the mercy of Radharani is available very readily to the sincere devotees, and once She recommends such a devotee to Lord Krishna, the Lord at once accepts the devotee’s admittance into His association. The conclusion is, therefore, that one should be more serious about seeking the mercy of the devotee than that of the Lord directly, and by one’s doing so (by the good will of the devotee) the natural attraction for the service of the Lord will be revived.”
Radharani is especially worshipped on the day of Radhastami, the divine appearance day of Srimati Radharani. On the day of Radhastami, the deities of Radha and Krishna are given holy bath called abhishekam.